A real estate property categorization, or investment “style,” referring to properties requiring some degree of improvements in order to gain increased returns. “Value-add” generally refers to a property that is currently in less than stellar condition and in need of improvements that are of somewhat higher risk, such as performing more-than-usual renovations like upgrading exteriors and interiors and curing deferred maintenance. The “value-add” categorization implies higher risk than the category of “core plus,” but less than “opportunistic.” Returns on the properties will be driven both by current income and by expected capital appreciation.